Learn to Read Devanagari देवनागरी, हिंदी, मराठी, और नेपाली पढ़ने सिखो

Learn to read Hindi, learn to read Marathi, learn to read Nepali, and learn to read Sanskrit.

Click on a character to hear its sound.

CLASSIFICATION OF DEVANAGARI SOUNDS

 

C  O  N  S  O  N  A  N  T  S

V  O  W  E  L  S

Family

Hard

Soft

Soft

Soft

Hard

 

 

 

 

Held Huffed

Held Huffed

Nasals

Semi-

vowels

Spirants

Short

Long

Diphthongs

Guttural

ka  kha

ga   gha

nča

ha

hha

a

aa

e, ei  ee, ai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

(ka)+hha

ka

kaa

ke, kei kee, kai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

कः

 

 

का

 

के   कै

Palatal

ca  cha

ja  jha

nČa

ya

sha

i

ii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ki

kii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

कि

 

की

 

 

Cerebral

ta  tha

da   dha

na

ra

sa

rri

rrii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ra  rha

 

-

 

krri

 

 

 

 

 

 

ड़ ढ़

 

 

 

 

 

 

कृ

 

 

 

Dental

ta  tha

da  dha

na

la

sa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labial

pa  pha

ba  bha

ma

va, wa

(ka)+hha

u

uu

o    oo, au

 

 

 

 

 

 

कः

 

 

 

Others

 

 

-

(k)+n^

 

ku

kuu

ko     koo, kau

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

कँ कं

 

 

 

कु

 

कू

 

को  कौ

 

 

 

 

 

 

k` (k + no vowel)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

क्

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign sounds are represented by adding a dot to the closest Devanagari characters.

fa = फ़

qa = क़

za = ज़

Learn to write Hindi, learn to write Marathi, learn to write Nepali, and learn to read Sanskrit. देवनागरी, हिंदी, मराठी, और नेपाली लिखने सिखो।

Go to http://www.jaspell.co.uk/readdeva.htm and follow the links to our printable pages (.pdf) related to the chart given above. You can make hard copies and practise your writing on them.